Gothic fiction is in fact a sub genre of Gothic horror that combines horror, Romanticism and fiction. Gothic stories of suspense, terror and mystery include elements concerning romance and horror. Dating back to eighteenth century, Horace Walpole published first Gothic novel, “The Castle of Otranto” in 1764.
Let us look into its characteristics:
Decaying and gloomy setting (haunted castles and houses with secret trapdoors and passages)
Supernatural beings and monsters (vampires, ghosts, giants, zombies)
Prophesies and curses
Damsels in distress
Intense emotions, etc.