Definition of Prose

Prose is a form of language that has no formal metrical structure. It applies a natural flow of speech, and ordinary grammatical structure, rather than rhythmic structure, such as in the case of traditional poetry.

Normal everyday speech is spoken in prose, and most people think and write in prose form. Prose comprises of full grammatical sentences, which consist of paragraphs, and forgoes aesthetic appeal in favor of clear, straightforward language. It can be said to be the most reflective of conversational speech. Some works of prose do have versification, and a blend of the two formats that is called “prose poetry.”

Example of a Poetry Verse vs. the Prose Form

Following is a poetry verse from a popular work of Robert Frost:

“The woods are lovely, dark and deep.
But I have promises to keep,
And miles to go before I sleep,
And miles to go before I sleep.”

(Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening, by Robert Frost)

Prose Form

Following is the same sentiment written in prose form:

“The woods look lovely against the setting darkness and as I gaze into the mysterious depths of the forest, I feel like lingering here longer. However, I have pending appointments to keep, and much distance to cover before I settle in for the night, or else I will be late for all of them.”

The above paragraph is conveying a similar message, but it is conveyed in ordinary language, without a formal metrical structure to bind it.

Some Common Types of Prose

  1. Nonfictional Prose: A literary work that is mainly based on fact, though it may contain fictional elements in certain cases. Examples include biographies and essays.
  2. Fictional Prose: A literary work that is wholly or partly imagined or theoretical. Examples are novels.
  3. Heroic Prose: A literary work that may be written down or recited, and which employs many of the formulaic expressions found in oral tradition. Examples are legends and tales.
  4. Prose Poetry: A literary work that exhibits poetic quality – using emotional effects and heightened imagery – but which are written in prose instead of verse.

Examples of Prose in Literature

Prose in Novels

This is usually written in the form of a narrative, and may be entirely a figment of the author’s imagination.

Example #1: 1984 (By George Orwell)

“It was a bright cold day in April, and the clocks were striking thirteen.”

Example #2: David Copperfield (By Charles Dickens)

“Whether I shall turn out to be the hero of my own life, or whether that station will be held by anybody else, these pages must show.”

Example #3: Anna Karenina (By Leo Tolstoy)

“Happy families are all alike; every unhappy family is unhappy in its own way.”

These examples of prose have been taken from novels, where the writers have employed their imaginations. They are examples of fictional prose.

Prose in Speeches

Prose used in speeches often expresses thoughts and ideas of the speaker.

Example #4: No Easy Walk to Freedom speech (By Nelson Mandela)

“You can see that there is no easy walk to freedom anywhere, and many of us will have to pass through the valley of the shadow (of death) again and again before we reach the mountain tops of our desires.”

Example #5: Nobel Peace Prize Acceptance Speech (By Mother Teresa)

“The poor are very great people. They can teach us so many beautiful things.”

Example #6: Equal Rights for Women speech (By U.S. Congresswoman Shirley Chisholm)

“As for the marriage laws, they are due for a sweeping reform, and an excellent beginning would be to wipe the existing ones off the books.”

These prose examples have been taken from speeches where the writing is often crisp and persuasive, and suits the occasion to convey a specific message.

Prose in Plays

Prose written in plays aims to be dramatic and eventful.

Example #7: Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (By Tennessee Williams)

“You can be young without money, but you can’t be old without it.”

Example #8: As You Like It (By William Shakespeare)

“All the world’s a stage, And all the men and women merely players. “

Prose in plays is often in conversational mode and is delivered by a character. However, its style stays the same throughout the play according to the personality of the character.

Function of Prose

While there have been many critical debates over the correct and valid construction of prose, the reason for its adoption can be attributed to its loosely-defined structure, which most writers feel comfortable using when expressing or conveying their ideas and thoughts. It is the standard style of writing used for most spoken dialogues, fictional as well as topical and factual writing, and discourses. It is also the common language used in newspapers, magazines, literature, encyclopedias, broadcasting, philosophy, law, history, the sciences, and many other forms of communication.

17 comments for “Prose

  1. sylvestercagang
    January 26, 2015 at 3:37 am

    Prose is very vast but still its very interesting

  2. Rochiel villanueva
    August 19, 2015 at 5:38 am


  3. Itaya Nancy
    September 16, 2015 at 12:11 pm

    Prose is just natural

  4. owen
    October 20, 2015 at 1:09 pm

    prose is just essential….

  5. Morgan
    November 3, 2015 at 12:10 am

    I still don’t understand

  6. kabagonza connie
    November 19, 2015 at 5:01 am

    prose is woooh but challenging

  7. Tasha
    November 24, 2015 at 4:24 pm

    I need prose for an unexpected visitor

  8. hayford
    December 8, 2015 at 6:56 pm

    is very nice but still need more understanding

  9. Ed
    December 11, 2015 at 6:46 pm

    To understand what prose is or is not, it would be helpful to answer this question: prose as opposed to what? Poetry is an example of a different style of writing, but what are some of other alternative ways to express feelings, thoughts, and other observations of our inner self, how we react to our perceptions of the external world around us, to share and exchange with other people.

    • Wolverine
      January 15, 2016 at 3:44 pm

      Prose is in a paragraph form with a series of words synonymous sounding alike

      Poetry is in a form of verses

  10. Priyanka rawat
    December 13, 2015 at 8:08 am

    I can’t understand what’s the actually meant of the prose i would like to understand but ………what I do

  11. Saloni
    December 26, 2015 at 12:35 pm

    Great description

  12. Jess
    December 30, 2015 at 5:14 am

    The simple description of prose is:

    Prose is writing that is not poetry or it is an ordinary writing.

  13. Paul
    January 12, 2016 at 10:51 pm

    If you deffirentiate Prose into Poetry, Prose is talking while Poetyr is Singing

  14. farhan khan mangrio
    February 22, 2016 at 11:25 am

    prose is the ordinary form which imitates the spoken language. in other words we can say prose is in written form and poetry in singing form

  15. Agent Hal
    February 25, 2016 at 8:25 pm

    Gave lots of information that was needed for a specific assignment!

  16. Mullets Girmay
    March 2, 2017 at 10:47 pm

    I’ve already got a good lesson in the meaning of prose fiction. I’m very interested in writing short stories in English. Please help me to improve my skills. Thanks.

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